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1700  (approx)  The original Old Brewhouse is built by a shipmaster near Danger Point. It will in years to come be variously an inn, a school, a dwelling house & a ship's chandlers. Danger Point is not lightly named - at least two more houses, standing between the Brewhouse and the sea don't survive the ravages of wind & wave.

1705  The beginnings of Auchmithie emmigration to Arbroath. Lord Northesk, unhappy about losing free labour, petitions the law courts. They decree that fishermen have no rights & are vassals or slaves of 'his lordship', who imprisons a number of them in Red Castle's dungeons.

1706-7 A great storm destroys most of the harbour which has received insufficient funding for many decades.  

1707  (Jan 16)  The darkest day - when the law of Anglo-Scots union is passed by the Scottish Parliament. The Earl of Seafield touches the document with the royal sceptre saying 'there's the end of an auld sang'.   Of course it isn't, but there is is a lengthy and  embarrassing pause during which an entire nation will forget the words until 1999......

1707  (May 1)  The law of Anglo-Scots union is passed at Westminster.

 

Much later (in the late 1980s) a Scots songwriter, born in the town which declared Scotland's independence to the world when the Declararation of Arbroath was signed and delivered to the Pope in 1320, will feel compelled to pen these words :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1714 (-1727) During this period (the reign of George 1), the burgh

council aquires the land enclosed by the precinct wall to the south of

the ruined Abbey & allocates it as building sites.

 

1715  The Spink family connection with fish begins now.

 

1720  Major repairs are required to the walls of St Vigeans Kirk.

1721  The walls of St Vigeans Chapel (not thought to be the original 11th

century building) are taken down & rebuilt into a dovecot.

1721  Ownership of the west tower of Colliston Castle passes to the Chaplin family. New construction occurs.

1724  Arbroath's (1st ?) Provost is John Lamb. The first Town Clerk is Alexander Doig.

1725  (-1742)   A new harbour is constructed (where the 21st century inner harbour will be), at a cost of £6,000, allowing an increase in trade, mainly flax. St Mary's Chapel, in existence since before 1455, is demolished to accomodate the harbour.

 

1730  Prior to this date the hotel (later known as 'The White Hart') at the SW corner of Kirk Wynd, is owned by Patrick Wallace. The site has served as a howff & staging post since the 1500s.

1734  (Oct 13)  William Small is born in Carmyllie. At 24 years of age, he crosses the Atlantic to fill a post in William & Mary College in Virginia, USA where, between 1758 & 1764, he is Professor of mathematics & phylosophy. The foundations of modern university teaching are attributed to him, one of his students being Thomas Jefferson, future American President & co-author of the USA's Declaration of Independence. The inspiration for this document is, of course, the Declaration of Arbroath with which Small is intimately familiar. He returns to Britain in 1764, receives his MD in 1765 & establishes a medical practise in Birmingham. He assists in planning & building a hospital there which will be completed in 1779.  He dies in that city on Feb 25th 1775 from malarial fever contracted in Virginia.

1736  Prior to this date Arbroath has had little foreign trade ( however, see 1681- 85) since perhaps exporting fish, wool & hides in the middle ages, although smuggling has been rife.

1738  A local weaver makes a course linen from yarn. His merchant (Provost John Wallace) recognises the similarity to German osnaburg which he has encountered in his travels & encourages further production.

1738  Carmichael's charity fund founded: Widows of 7 shipmasters will receive a division half-yearly.

1738  Dundee smugglers, bringing French brandy from Arbroath, evade capture at Craigie.

 

1740  The days of Angus coast smuggling are brought to an end as customs officers position the sloop 'Princess Caroline' at Arbroath.

1740  (approx)  Linen thread manufacture is introduced. This will prosper for almost 50 years then dwindle rapidly to extinction.

1742  As trade grows rapidly, Arbroath has 12 vessels, used mainly to carry Baltic flax. Ten boats are trading with Goteborg.

1742  Population is approx 2,500. The Town Clerk counts 'about 250 houses'.

1742  David Mudie, town clerk,  describes Arbroath as 'one street (High St) of about 500 paces, & another street (Marketgate) of about 150 paces long', but more streets, of course, existed.

1744 (-1749, except 1747)  John Mann is Provost of Arbroath.

1745  The oldest pub in the town, the Lorne Bar in Horner's Wynd (later Commerce Street), holds title deeds from this date.

1746  The Merkat Cross, crowned by a unicorn (present in Copegate, i.e. lower High Street since at least 1546) is considered a traffic hazard and is removed. Metal studs in the form of a cross will indicate it's location in later centuries.

1746  Provost John Mann gifts the building on Braik's Wynd (later church St.) to the Glasites, who will retain it as a Church

until 1905.

1747  A plashmill (where heavy wooden machinery softens the cloth to give a good quality finish), is built in East Grimsby.

1748  The Arbroath Regality Registers re-emerge when the Smiths present the 3 volumes to John Maule, brother of the Earl of Panmure.

 

During the 1700s the Abbot's House is used as a thread mill.

Up to the middle of this century, Dutch fishing boats dominate Scottish fishing grounds.

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foto: B Lawrence

1700 - 1749

the new Old Brewhouse

Arbroath around 1740

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Lunan Bay near Red Castle

Global 1700-1799 4518393120_256x210.jpg

The Shire of Angus around 1700

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    Arbroath's oldest

    public house:

   The Lorne Bar

  in Horner's Wynd           (later Commerce Street).

  This is an 1897 photo,

    but the  pub

   dates from 1745

William Small

William Small - teacher to

Thomas Jefferson

saltire Red-Ensign 1707

So many thousands with sunset gone

but they left mornings to warm us who were free

 

but freedom's children have lost their fire

and freedom's meaning in union disappears

 

time flourished when our name gave us pride

a time when our name meant something inside

 

I won't sing the end tae an auld sang

tho' they're wastin' my language, my land

 

I won't sing the end tae an auld sang

they'd be words I've nae right tae defend