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0 - 1099

209-211  Picts are first mentioned during the Roman campaign of Emperor Severus. Remains of Roman forts or camps are not found in abundance in Angus - one example, a 'temporary marching camp' & one of the most complete in Scotland is found at Harefaulds, Kirkbuddo, about 9 miles west of Arbroath. The camp is occupied during this campaign, which Severus himself does not survive.


600 - 1100  The sculptured stones, retreived from in and around St Vigeans Kirk span these centuries


664 (Jan 20)  St. Fechin (= latin Vigianus), an Irish saint, dies of the yellow plague. St. Vigeans

will be named after him (as will Ecclefechan - the church of Fechin). He 'probably' originates from

Luigne in what is now Sligo, but doesn't leave Irish shores.  See map.....


685 (Mar 2, May 20 ?)  The Picts, having appointed Bridei as king of a rather depleted Pictland, defeat the Angles at the Battle of Nechtansmere on Dunnichen Hill near Forfar, about eleven miles from Arbroath. Egfrid, king of Northumbria, is slain, their River Forth frontier abandoned & they retreat south of the Tweed.  The victory is considered pivotal to the later creation of the Scottish state.












728-729  According to Irish annalists, the Pictish King 'Dros or Drostan' (the one above ?), is slain at the battle of Drum-Dearg-Blathmig on the rising ground of Kinblethmont.


760  Aonghus, King of the Picts, adopts the Saltire (the white diagonal cross on

a blue background associated with St. Andrews), as his standard.




840  Kenneth MacAlpin unites the kingdoms of Picts & Scots. The Saltire becomes the national flag of Scotland.


1000 ?  A norse settlement which will become Auchmithie dates from around now.


1010 (1012 ?)  The Battle of Barry is fought near what is now Carnoustie between Malcolm IIs forces & the Danes under Camus who had landed at Red Head while Malcolm was in Dundee. Their chieften slain, the Danes are routed. Carnoustie's name is associated with this battle & may mean 'Cairn of Heroes'.

Drosten ipe Uoret ett Forcus

 Inscriptions on Pictish stones are not so common. This is the 'Drosten Stone', (late 800s) held within St Vigeans Museum. Thomas Owen Clancy in 1993 suggests the inscription is Goidelic (Celtic) and the translation

" Drosten, in the time of Uorett and Forcus "

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Dunnichen Hill near Forfar

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The first map to include the land that would become Scotland appears to be this one (probably amended over the centuries) from Claudius Ptolemaeus who lived sometime between 85 & 170 AD